Skogsarbete, Island. Photo: Mats Hannerz

News & Views

News & Views is the SNS newsletter published 8 times/year (previously bimonthly), which contains short and popularized articles covering Nordic forest research and forestry. News & Views is available for download below and from the homepage of Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research.



SNS is financing five new networks! Read about all of them in this number of News & Views.



Read about the forest seminar at the Nordic Council of Ministers meeting in Ålesund in June and the engaged and knowledgable lectures about the climate. SNS was part in arranging it.



In this number of New&Views you can read about how to better communicate your research results.



In this number: A new EU-financed project highlights the extraordinary values of the hardwood forests. ThinkForest enables science-policy dialogue and a lot more!



This issue presents the new strategy for the Nordic forestry sector, ‘Nordic Forest Solutions’ and the new ‘Nordic Bioeconomy Strategy’, which is aiming to inspire and raise awareness of the potential for the bioeconomy in the Nordic countries. You can also read about e.g. insect feeding that can alter climate and laser scanning that recognizes tree species automatically.

Last but not least, the call for cross-sectorial SNS-NKJ networks is open!



This issue of News and Views reports about the new EFINORD-SNS funded networks, you can also read about the outcomes of the EFINORD-SNS workshop on ‘Future research topics in forest science for Northern Europe’. Furthermore, Sweden applies for the IUFRO World congress and Danish researchers found an enzyme which mediate reverse photosynthesis.



Here you can read about the suggestions from the participants of SNS and NKJ matchmaking day regarding the baseline for the upcoming cross-sectorial joint call.

Read about water the regional water management project WAMBAF and their aim to deliver practical guidelines and tools aiming at reducing nutrient and mercury export in streams, lakes and the Baltic Sea.

Also in this issue: How to create green, climate resilient cities and how should the Nordic-Baltic countries communicate about their sustainable forestry?




This issue is about citizen science and how public engagement can be used in research. You can also read about how to create an attractive recreational forest – according to the public.



Read about how climate change and globalisation increase the risk of new pests
and pathogens establishing in the Nordic forests. The challenges of using tree breeding to combat such threats were the focus of the first conference arranged by the SNS- supported network HealGenCAR.

You can also read about how Nordic institutions have an important role in translating knowledge and facilitating research communication, not least in the context of climate change. This was one of the conclusions drawn from a survey conducted by NordGen Forest about climate change presented to the Nordic Ministers at their meeting in Åbo in June 2016.

Read an interview with Kjersti Bakkebø Fjellstad about NordGen Forest and their work. Kjestri is the leader of NordGen Forest, a sister organization to SNS under the Nordic Council of Ministers.


Read about the SNS supported project WOODPRO and the rapid advance of nanotechnology. This issue is also about the forest model EFISCEN and that it is made open source!


This issue, presents the outcomes of a workshop on uneven-aged forests, which was conducted by Swedish and Finnish researchers from Future Forest and Luke.
How the relationship between the water surface temperature of the Atlantic Ocean is connected to regional forest fire activity in Scandinavia was analyzed and published in Nature by the SLU researcher Igor Drobyshev.
This issue also highlights the importance of science communication and gives instructions on how to successfully write a press release.


In this issue, the new SNS Centre of Advanced Research (CAR) CARISMA is presented. CARISMA stands for Center of Advanced Research for the innovative use of 3D remote sensing. The project, led by Johannes Breidenbach at NIBIO in Norway, focuses on new techniques, such as satellite laser scanning, for estimating forest attributes combined with other data from national forest inventories.


In the last newsletter, we promised to present the newly started projects funded by SNS In this issue of SNS News & Views we will present the new Centre of Advanced Research “HealGenCAR”. The networks aims for healthy and thereby productive forests that are well adapted to climate change by combining research competences from genetics, pathology and entomology.

Other featured highlights of the issue 3 2016 is an article about Lena Gustafsson, Professor at SLU in Uppsala and the importance of popular scientific communication. This month, Emma Berglund, the former representative of Nordic Family Forests, is becoming the new Secretary General for the Confederation of European Forest Owners (CEPF).


SNS currently funds 21 projects and networks, whereof 8 are EFINORD – SNS funded networks, 5 Centres of Advanced Research (CARs), 4 SNS – research projects and 4 cross – sectorial networks on forestry and agriculture are jointly funded by SNS and NKJ.

In the up-coming issues of the SNS News & Views throughout this year all these projects and networks will be presented, starting with the 4 cross – sectorial networks on forestry and agriculture in this issue.

The joint NKJ – SNS funded networks, bridging agriculture and forestry for strengthened Nordic bioeconomy are introduced. These projects are:

1. “Fibre ties”, coordinated by Anne Christine Steenkjaer Hastrup from DTU, Denmark

2. “Modelling the impact of land use strategies”, coordinated by Ljusk Ola Eriksson from SLU, Sweden

3. “Effects of Bioenergy Production on Ecosystem Services”, coordinated by Nicholas Clarke from NIBIO, Norway

4. “Oomycete Diseases in Forestry and Agriculture”, coordinated by Laura Grenville-Briggs from SLU, Sweden.


At the end of August, ENERWOODS, a joint Nordic-Baltic research project, hosted a two-day seminar – the ENERWOODS International conference. The scope of the conference was based on the ENERWOOD’s extensive 4-year research project that focused on strengthening the Nordic forestry’s position in developing renewable energy systems as well as improving biomass production, technology and logistics to extract energy-containing biomass, and studying forests’ and forest products’ role in mitigating carbon emissions.




In the issue, the Nordic Initiative for Sustainable Aviation (NISA) was formed to promote and develop a more sustainable aviation industry, specifically focusing on sustainable fuels for the aviation sector. The first hubs for bio jet fuel have been established in Norway and Sweden, and Scandinavian airlines have started to fly commercially with biofuel.

Also, the SNS’ Matchmaking Day this past April recognized an opportunity to bridge disciplines and think cross-sectorially.

Lastly, a new web tool, Planter’s Guide 2, is available for research purposes focused on Scots Pine.



In this issue the Swedish forest planning and modeling software, Heureka, is presented. Heureka consists of a set of software tools covering the entire analytical chain from different forest data sources, through predictive modeling and optimization, to tools to rank alternatives. The software package has been developed by researchers in Sweden and is today used by many Swedish forest companies and agencies. Through cooperation with Austrian-based International Institute for Applied Systems Analyses (IIASA), Heureka has been further developed for applications on an international level and the software packages are now available in English.

Mats Hannerz, the SNS affiliated research communicator and author of the SNS News & Views has this year been awarded with the Guldkvist, Föreningen Skogens annual award for valuable contributions to Swedish forests and forestry. SNS would like to congratulate you, Mats, as well as thank you for all your great work!

Furthermore, you will find a few Shortcuts highlighting news from the Nordic –Baltic countries.


In this issue we will get an introduction to the new Finnish company Tapio Oy, that recently emerged from the organization Tapio. Tapio Oy’s business focus is the knowledge transfer of forestry research to best practices for forest management in business industry and policy making. Therefore, Rita Toivonen, head of Tapio was interviewed.

The first forest seeds have been deposited in the World Seed Vault in Svalbard. A new milestone in the conservation of genetic resources from forest trees is hereby achieved.

Furthermore, you will find Short News from the Nordic –Baltic countries.


In this issue we will be learn from the outcomes of the 10th annual Wood Science and Engineering (WSE) workshop in Edinburgh (13 – 14th of October 2014). WSE is a well established and long-term network, funded by EFINORD – SNS. The central question was one of todays major urban challenges: “How do we build tomorrows cities with wood?” Another “hot topic” at the workshop was how to integrate LCA in the wood product industry in line with other industries.
Times are changing and the trend goes away from single sector related research institutes towards land use universities. Now, Norway goes the same way as Finland with its new institute Luke: From the 1st of July, NIBIO will start as Norway’s largest interdisciplinary research institute.


In this issue we will be looking at how the “molecular revolution deepens our understanding of forest fungi” with some insights from the SNS/EFINORD-supported network North European Forest Mycologists (NEFOM), a network that connects mycologists and molecular ecologists throughout the Nordic and Baltic countries. Networking among researchers is the core idea of SNS and EFINORD. For 2015, nine networks were granted financial support, each receiving 5000 to 22500 € to cover meeting and travel costs. Here you can find out more about these networks and the people behind them. Did you know that the Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research has a new scientific editor? Mrs Johanna Witzell, is Professor in Wood Materials Science at University of Eastern Finland, and also Associate professor at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. She aims to continue the tradition of the journal as a reliable forum for publishing results of forest research.


The first issue of News and Views 2015 reports on the Nordic–Baltic network “Forest soil carbon sink” (FSC-sink), a SNS-supported network. Professor Per Gundersen, coordinator of FSC-sink explains how the network has collected the most up-to-date knowledge on how soil carbon storage is impacted by tree species, harvesting regimes, nitrogen deposition, soil warming and land use change. Further we will be looking at an exclusive interview with John Blackwell founder of Sees-editing and co-author of “A scientific approach to scientific writing”. John is explaining some of the does and don’ts in scientific writing and gives some tips on how researchers can better sell their ideas to funding agencies and different audiences. Finally we will be looking at the Nordic Forest Policy Science network which recently made great advancements.


The last issue of News and Views for the year 2014 reports on the OSCAR2, the successful predecessor of the first OSCAR project.The coordinator, Professor Rolf Björheden at Skogforsk, Sweden talks about the increased cooperation but also about the implementation of the project’s results in practice. Further on we will be looking at the story of contractors and their importance for Nordic forestry. Finally we will find out about “trackless logging”, the new technology that protects water and soil during harvesting operations.

The latest issue of News and Views reports on the SNS/SJFR event: “Bioeconomy in the forest sector – the Nordic example” which turned out to be a great success at the IUFRO World Congress held in Salt Lake City in October. You can also find out more about SNS networking activities at IUFRO and the exciting discussions we had with fellow researchers. Next, we will be looking at forest certification in Northern Europe and what has changed in the 20 years since its establishment. Have you heard about Luke? This is the name of the newly formed Natural Resources Institute Finland which will include METLA (former Finish Forest Research Institute) among others.

This issue of News and Views presents the latest advancements in the field of somatic embryogenesis, a fast developing technology that will soon be fit for commercial use. We will take a look at some of the main outcomes of the SNS-supported network AdapCAR’s workshop in Uppsala on the theme Somatic embryogenesis for future forestry held in May 2014. Further, the Nordic project WoodBio is presented. Lead by Iceland, the project aims to emphasize the role of wood as a raw material in the developing Nordic bio-economy.

This issue of News and Views reports about the visit at the R & D Biorefinary SP Processum in Örnsköldsvik in Northern Sweden in connection to the SNS steering group meeting in May 2014. The other main articles in this issue cover the topic of dead wood: first the EFINORD – SNS funded network “ Ecosystem services from dead wood in North European forests”, coordinated by Jogeir Stokland from the Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, is presented.
Then, there is a summary of a research article on the estimation of the volume of dead wood in a forest stand, which has been published in the according issue 29(5) of the Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research.

This issue of News and Views presents an interview with the coordinator of the new EFINORD – SNS Network Continuous Forest Cover, Lars Drössler, working at SLU in Sweden. Further there is a short overview of upcoming meetings of SNS funded projects and the IUFRO Congress in Salt Lake City, USA; as well as shortcuts from forestry research going on in the Nordic Countries. Another article describes how new technologies challenges teaching and learning at universities.

This issue of News and Views presents the ERA-net SUMFOREST where SNS is one of 23 partners across Europe and responsible for the website . Further, the history and activities of two EFINORD – SNS networks are presented: 1) FORDISMAN, a network dealing with natural disturbances of forests and the impact of climate change (coordinated by Kalev Jögiste). 2) The network “Forests in urban and rural studies” held a meeting the “Helge River” area in Sweden.

This issue of News and Views presents the funded EFINORD-SNS Networks in 2014 with short summaries. It will be really interesting to follow their activities during this year. A closer look has been taken on the forestry web portal, Waldwissen, that elucidates all facets within forestry and forest research of Central Europe.

SNS-supported project CARe-FOR-US is now half-way through its second five-year period; SNS- and EFINORD-supported network “Social indicators in forestry” suggests that there is a lack of standardised social indicators among North European countries, at least for the studied topics recreation and tourism.


SNS-supported project CAR-ES argues against a proposed standard for calculating water footprints; Vi-Agroforestry 30 years; SNS-supported workshop “The forest sector in the biobased economy: perspectives from policy and economic sciences”.

SNS-supported project “Risk assessment of new forest tree species” about introduced species in a changed climate – how should we handle the risks?

SNS-supported project ‘Decline of Fraxinus excelsior in Northern Europe’; Nordic workshop on bioeconomy.

SLU contributes to Wikipedia; new Finnish forest law; Phytophthora; ash decline is a bestseller.

Research communication; ten EFINORD-SNS networks in 2013; Umeå Plant Science Centre.

Royal Academy of Agriculture and Forestry 200 years; four new SNS projects; blog in NB Forest; EFI 20 years; SNS annual report 2012.

Communication pays off; Research must be implemented; Satellite-based mapping of the growing season.

Xylan modification; Nordic furniture; EUFORGEN; Planters’ Guide; Swedish movie – sustainable forest management.


Environmental labels; Future Forests; Nidaros declaration, Nordic Bioeconomy Initiative.

Invasive pathogens; SNS and the Selfoss declaration.

PRIFOR network; SNS jubilee conference; State of the World’s Forests; 30-m timber trucks.

Biomass, ENERWOODS; forest workers; windpower in forests; Russian forest sector; WMSE; new professors; ash pathogens.

Nordic forest research 40 years; Jubilee conference; SNS landmarks; positive evaluation of SNS.

Sustainable landscape management in practice; Euroforester master students; Norway spruce; EFINORD office.

Wood – the eco-friendly Nordic material; SNS-supported network activities in 2012; Good advice for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research.

Seeds and insects; SNS 40 years jubilee conference, NB Forest portal open; Erik Næsset; Marcus Wallenberg prize.


Mercury and forestry; distance learning; IUFRO president first year; forest agreement in Europe; more to cut in Norway.

Finnish forests; Nordic research citation; Jan Svensson; Lisa Sennerby Forsse; Metla research directors.

Retention and biodiversity; New SNS website; EFI book series; breeding material; Arboretum 75 years.

Gender research; New SNS projects; Field layer preferences; Environmental credentials of wood; Leaching from forests.

SIFI – new forest think tank; New CARs; Networks supported by SNS; Johan Wester.

EFINORD inaguration; Open Access; Gender research in forestry;  cooperation in Norwegian agricultural research.


OSCAR; Laser scanning ; Erik Naesset; Riparian forests; Forest & Landscape Denmark; J Bo Larsen leads EFI board.

Niels Elers Koch chairs IUFRO; Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 25 years; Jubilee Award to Erik Naesset; ICP Forests 25 years.

2010-4 (no issue)

Risk of bark beetles; SLU communication; Pernille Karlog; EFINORD established; Hans Fredrik Hoen new rector of UMB.

Creative destruction in Finland’s forest sector; Sweden requires open access; Call for CARs;  Danish forest research downsizes; Ten actions to combat climate change.

Ash decline; SNS secretariat moves to Denmark; FIRST – Nordic forest technology research school; Genetic mapping of conifers.


Forest education; Finnish Academy worried; Forest Day 3; Nature important for city-dwelling Finns;  Nordic campaign for wood products.

EFINORD will be established; Icewoods project; NKJ – relevant also for forest researchers; EFORWOOD; Old-growth forests and carbon storage; National Key project to Norway.

Iceland becomes forested again; Successful start for Nordic CARs; What motivates Danish hunters?; Strong support for tree breeding in Sweden.

State of the world’s forests; EU not successful on conventions for sustainable forestry; Maximum growth in Swedish forest park.

NovelTree; Cooperation on wood material research funding; Foresters aware of climate change; Increased biomass production.

Publication pays off – quality scoring for published papers; Female forest owners in Norway; Project North Hunt; Increased use of wood mitigates climate change.


Ash recycling; Genetic engineering; Satellite mapping of growing season; Hans-Örjan Nohrstedt, Kari Mielikäinen, Håkan Wirtén.

Bioenergy harvesting  in young stands; Bioenergy; Mikael Sandvik, Jon Loftsson, Johs Kolltveit.

Nordic campaigns to increase forest production; EFI and its regional offices; Adalsteinn Sigurgeirsson; Noltfox.

Effects of climate warming; METLA; Afforestation and  landscape; Niels Elers Koch, Trondur Leivsson, Liisa Saarenmaa; Climate and insect damage; Phenology network.

Halftime for EFORWOOD; Planning with laser scanning; New Nordic network activities; Forest management in Europe is sustainable.

Experience economy and ecosystem services; Metla reorganizes; First village-level forestry program.


Children learn from the forest – school projects in the Nordic countries; New secretary of SNS; Presentation of GFIS.

Virtual forests from Heureka; METLA, decision support; AVVIRK, Planning in Norway; Modified wood; Scandinavia under attack by bark beetles; Seed orchards; Ban on pesticides.

Encyclopedia of flora and fauna; Torleif Ingelög; Nordic database on fungal genetic codes; Boomerang hypothesis; Closer cooperation between Nordic forest owners.

Scientific fraud in Scandinavian research; Swedish project on bioenergy; Martin Einfeldt.

Forestry and use of wood to mitigate climate change; Larch wood and durability; Are Wikis reliable?; Finnish forest cluster research portal.

EU Seventh framework program; Nordic-Baltic forest research web; Reshuffle of Denmark’s academies; PHYSENSE.


Better wood via breeding; Policy-makers and scientists; Forest Action Plan; Conferences and workshops.

Tree biotechnology; Silviculturists leave academia for industry; Prize to oak geneticist; Norwegian prognostic tool; National parks – more visitors with more service.

FTP – new technology platform; Skogforsk and NIJOS merges in Norway; Nordforsk; Price to Håkan Lindström.

Lessons to learn after Swedish storm; Presentation of CARs; Finland versus Sweden; NOLTFOX expands; Lisa Sennerby Forsse head of SLU; Jan Heino FAO forestry director.

Certification of Nordic forest; EFORWOOD kicks off; IT in forestry – not exploited; Measurement of root rot in standing trees; Nordic forest inventory compiled.

Genomics in Norway spruce; Biomimetics; PATHCAR; SNS secretariat moves; Wood Material Science and Engineering.


Family forest owners; Value-chains in forestry; Swedes find forest important for wellbeing; SNS exposed in Australia; Healthy Finnish forests.

2005-5 (no issue)

Award to wood welding; EFI goes international; SNS initiates new journal for wood scientists; Presentation of NOVA.

EFORWOOD; Nordic family forestry website; Prize to doctoral thesis in genetics; Finland restores green belt.

Cooperation between Nordic forest research institutes; Storm in southern Sweden; UMB new university; Meeting calendar.

Forest research in the north: Åland; CARs; Precommercial thinning with topping.


2004-6 (no issue)

Forest research in northwestern Russia part II; Award for polymer research; Cloudberries for Christmas.

Forest research in northwestern Russia; BioNord – forest biodiversity indicators.

Forest research in the North: Latvia and Lithuania; Wood Wisdom program.

NOLTFOX; Carbon storage; Plant protection by beneficial fungi; Ectomycorrhizal fungi; Wood hemicelluloses for modified fibers; Risk management, Family forestry; SilviScan.

Forest research in the North: Estonia; Resistance to root rot determined by genes; Tools for urban forestry; Nature values on the market.


Forest research in the North: Denmark; Signing off volume 18; New chairman of SNS.

Forest research in the North: Sweden; Larch wood; Forest regeneration seminar.

Forest research in the North: Norway; Increased demand for wood; Growth responses to elevated N; Subalpine firs; Nutrient dynamics after afforestation.

Forest research in the North: Finland; Cooperation on tree genomics; Tree-gene mapping; Wood Wisdom.

Forest research in the north: Iceland; Forest restoration; Genetic variation of timber quality; Larch wood; Thinning in Norway spruce; Information technology.

SNS networks; Mixed stand forestry; Effects of climate on carbon and nitrogen; Gene conservation of trees; Gender in Nordic-Baltic forestry.


Closing volume 17; Nitrogen and increased growth; Wooden roller coaster; Taiga Rescue; Clonal forestry; Nordic plant producers seminar.

Danes visit forests; PROFOR; Tree planting on Faroe Islands; Protected forests in Norway; Certification of forests; Combat against giant hogweed.

Olav Hepsø new chairman; Nordic foresters share common values; Nordic wood research mapped; Environmental impacts of forest nurseries; Deterioration of warship Vasa.

Current SNS activities; Composites from wood fibres; Carbon allocation in fine roots; Finland, Sweden and Denmark ranked top in EU-report on research; Diseases in nurseries.

Swedish forest policy revised; World´s forest plantations increase; Nordic countries are clean; Wood-En-Man; SNS secretariat.

Northern forests are carbon sinks; Wood preservation with sugar-cane residue; Mykorrhiza inoculation; Stump treatment against root rot; Nordic Forest Congress.


Summing up issue 16; Editorial board meeting; New SNS project NOLTFOX; Research program Sunare; Children met the forest.

Copenhagen declaration on sustainable rural development; Soil preparation with steam; Motorway-bridge of wood; Database on forest disturbance; Healthy Danish forests.

More birch planted in Iceland; More protected forests in Sweden; Faroe Islands; New editorial board for SJFR; Prescribed burning; Direct seeding; ELMIA wood fair.

New scientific editor; Detection of root rot in standing trees; Simple language needed in research communication; SNS project on pre-commercial thinning; Danish forest-in-school web.

Vikings are coming – campaign for Nordic wood; Norway spruce lacks stability; Carbon sequestration; Nutrient removal; Status of certification.

Biofuels in Nordic energy supply; Swedes likes to roam in the forests; European centre for urban forestry in Denmark; Nutrient supplies in forest; Forest increase in Russia.


New strategic plan for SNS; Kyoto protocol and forests; Red spruce crowns in Denmark; Good marks for Norwegian research program; New wood-energy program in Finland.

Effects of global warming in Sweden; Forestry CD for schools; Prize to Pro Silva; MIS registrates biodiversity; Denmark seeks to lower regeneration costs; Finn leads IUFRO.

Nordic harvesting technique of global interest; Nordic representation in EU funded forest research; Tree planting compensates for car use; Browsing threatens hardwood regeneration.

Lisa Sennerby Forsse new SNS chair; Forest history network; Seminar on communication; Prognosis for Swedish forestry; Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000.

Heavy wind throw in Europe; Seedling production ; Urban forestry; Root rot resistance; Snags for biodiversity; New center for Danish forest research.

New scientific editor of SJFR; NOLTFOX; Reorganization of Swedish research funding; Database on European Forest Research.


Finnish-Swedish cooperation on paper research; Nordic promotion of timber; Iceland 100 years of forestry; GIS for bark beetle tracking; Price to Icelandic inventor.

Nordic forum – From research to application; Forest damage diagnosis on the web; Indoor larch seed orchard; Finnish phenology web.

Benecol reduces cholesterol in blood; Evaluation of SNS projects; Re-nationalization of Swedish forests; Danish oak research; Impact assessment of lodgepole pine.

Wallenberg prize to paper experts; New future for aspen in Finland; Nitrogen downfall; Abies lasiocarpa for Christmas trees.

New forest program in Finland; Temperature, day lengths and trees; Environmental services; Climate effects on carbon and nitrogen; Insects vs wind-pollination.

Presentation of News & Views and SNS; Forest damage in Norway; European forests grow faster; Pine weevil task force.